Hypoxia in obese adipose tissue (AT) plays an important role in the development of whole-body insulin resistance by inducing local inflammation and the release of proinflammatory cytokines (1). Yet, living at high altitude is associated with a lower prevalence of impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes compared with living at low altitude (2). Furthermore, exposure to hypoxic environments increases whole-body glucose fluxes in healthy males and glucose uptake in human and murine skeletal muscle (3). In addition, exercising under hypoxic conditions improves glucose tolerance more than exercising under normoxia (4), strongly suggesting an insulin-sensitizing effect of hypoxia. Therefore, we hypothesized that exposing obese men to 10 consecutive nights of moderate hypoxia (15 ± 0.5% O2, ∼2,400 m elevation) would improve insulin sensitivity.
Lecoultre V, Peterson CM, Covington JD, Ebenezer PJ, Frost EA, Schwarz JM, Ravussin E
Source: Diabetes Care