Hypoxic training: Clinical benefits on cardiometabolic risk factors

OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of hypoxic training on the modulation of cardiometabolic risk factors. DESIGN: Literature review. METHODS: An electronic search encompassing five databases (PUBMED, EMBASE, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus) was conducted. A total of 2138 articles were retrieved. After excluding non-relevant articles, duplications and outcomes not related to cardiometabolic risk factors, 25 articles were chosen for…

Effect of hypoxic training on inflammatory and metabolic risk factors: a crossover study in healthy subjects.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of hypoxic physical exercise on metabolic syndrome (MS) risk markers and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) and to compare its effects on preperitoneal fat, arterial stiffness, and several blood parameters related to MS to those of a control group who trained under normoxic conditions. Fourteen healthy men were examined. Participants performed treadmill exercise 3 days per…

Ten nights of moderate hypoxia improves insulin sensitivity in obese humans.

Hypoxia in obese adipose tissue (AT) plays an important role in the development of whole-body insulin resistance by inducing local inflammation and the release of proinflammatory cytokines (1). Yet, living at high altitude is associated with a lower prevalence of impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes compared with living at low altitude (2). Furthermore, exposure to hypoxic environments increases whole-body glucose fluxes in healthy…

Trends in the use of preconditioning to hypoxia for early prevention of future life diseases

Environmental factors during fetal life program the health outcomes regarding many diseases in future life. This idea has been supported by worldwide epidemiological studies, but the underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. Three questions should be answered. (i) Does a common underlying cause of ordinary pathological fetal development exist? (ii) If such a cause exists, which mechanism might develop disease in later life? (iii) Is…